Gayle Allard has been a professor of Managerial Economics for IE Business School since 2002. She is a native of California, although she has lived and worked in Europe for 25 years. She studied at the University of California (PhD in Economics) and Johns Hopkins University (Master in International Affairs), and her research has centered on labor markets, in particular the position of youth and immigrants in European labor markets and how labor-market rigidities affect unemployment. Recently her passion for development issues has led her to do research and lead student projects in African countries, especially Ethiopia, where she and students are helping the U.S. company Kinetico develop a project for clean water. She appears regularly in leading international media as a commentator on today’s key economic problems.